By Richard Harroch
President Trump has finally signed the roughly $900 billion coronavirus relief package passed by Congress, but only after almost a week of delay and uncertainty as to whether he would approve it.
Now that the relief act has been signed into law, here are the most important things you should know about it—including how it will help both individuals and small businesses.
1. Second Stimulus Payment
A second stimulus payment will be available, the details of which are as follows:
- A onetime stimulus payment of $600 for each individual
- A onetime stimulus payment of $1,200 for married or joint filers
- A onetime stimulus payment of $600 for any dependents age 16 and under
In order to qualify for the full second stimulus payment, you will need to have earned less than $75,000 (for individuals) or $150,000 (for married/joint filers) in 2019.
If your adjusted gross income is higher than those thresholds, then the stimulus payment is reduced by $5 for every $100 of adjusted gross income over those thresholds. As a result, a single tax filer would see no stimulus payment if their adjusted gross income is $87,000 or higher. For a married couple with no children, their payment would phase out completely with adjusted gross income of $174,000.
Your “adjusted gross income” can be found on line 8b of your 2019 IRS Form 1040 federal tax return.
When Will You Get Your Stimulus Payment?
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin had previously said that the first electronic stimulus payments could reach bank accounts within a week. But given both the delay in the bill being signed as well as the holiday break, it will more likely be several weeks. The first people to get payments will be those that have their direct deposit bank information on file with the IRS, so be sure to read How to Get Your Second Stimulus Payment Direct Deposited to Your Bank Account. Otherwise, check payments will likely take several months to arrive.
2. New PPP Loans and Rules
The new act reopened the popular Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) by allocating an additional $285 billion for the program. Small businesses that obtained an initial PPP loan can qualify for a second round of loans. More flexible rules have been added to provide for forgiveness of the loans, including clear guidelines that forgiveness of a PPP loan is not taxable.
However, eligibility for a second PPP loan is stricter than before. A borrower will have to have fewer than 300 employees, and be able to establish, in general, that they experienced a 25% drop in gross receipts during the first, second, or third quarter in 2020 relative to that same quarter in 2019. The new act caps PPP loans at $2 million. The act also sets aside $12 billion specifically for minority-owned businesses.
Related: New Relief Package Provides Next Round of PPP Funding for Small Businesses
3. Unemployment Benefits
The new relief act provides an additional $300 per week for all workers receiving unemployment benefits, through March 14, 2021 (and possibly longer). The act also extends the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) program, with expanded coverage for independent contractors, self-employed individuals, and gig workers. The Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) program was also extended to provide additional weeks of federally funded unemployment benefits to individuals who exhaust their regular state benefits.
In addition, the new act increases the maximum number of weeks an individual may claim regular state unemployment benefits plus the PEUC program, or through the PUA program, to 50 weeks.
4. Rental/Eviction Provisions
The new act provides for an extension of the eviction moratorium through January 31, 2021. There is also $25 billion for rental relief, to be used for future rent and utility payments and back rent owed or utility bills.
5. Student Loans
The new act does not include relief or further forbearance with respect to student loans. There has been some press about the possibility of President-Elect Biden canceling some amount of student loans by executive order when his term begins
6. State and Local Funding
New state and local aid was not included in the final act. But the act does extend the deadline of when previously approved aid under the CARES Act must be spent.
7. Liability Protection
There had been a lot of negotiations in Congress with respect to enacting liability protections for companies as a result of the coronavirus. This was a hotly contested issue and did not end up in the final act.
8. EIDL Grants
The act added $20 billion for certain grants pursuant to the SBA’s Economic Disaster Injury Loan (EIDL) program. Eligible businesses, independent contractors, gig workers, and self-employed individuals are eligible for up to $10,000 in grants (not required to be repaid) if (1) they are located in a low-income community; (2) they suffered an economic loss of greater than 30% during an 8-week period between March 2, 2020, and December 17, 2021, relative to a comparable 8-week period immediately preceding March 2, 2020, or during 2019; (3) they employ not more than 300 people; (4) they are a qualifying business, such as a small business, private non-profit, sole proprietorship, or independent contractor; and (5) they were in operation by January 31, 2020.
9. Aid for Live Venues, Theaters, and Cultural Institutions
$15 billion in aid has been allocated for live venues, independent movie theaters, and cultural institutions.
10. Vaccine/Health Measures
The new act sets aside almost $70 billion for public health measures, including for the purchase of vaccines, vaccine distribution, and assistance for state testing and tracing programs.
The full text of the act is 5,593 pages long and contains many other provisions, but the ones I’ve detailed here are those that will have the greatest impact on the majority of Americans in the months ahead.
RELATED: 5 Ways the New Stimulus Bill May Help Your Small Business
Copyright © by Richard D. Harroch. All Rights Reserved.
About the Author
Richard D. Harroch is a Managing Director and Global Head of M&A at VantagePoint Capital Partners, a venture capital fund in the San Francisco area. See all his articles and full bio on AllBusiness.com.