Most Common Types of Neurological Diseases

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Our nervous system is the most complicated system of our body. It regulates and coordinates all activities of our body. It comprises of two parts:

  1. Central Nervous System: It comprises the brain and the spinal cord
  2. Peripheral Nervous system: It comprises other elements such as nerves, neurons synapses, etc.

In addition to these main elements, the nervous system also consists of all our sensory organs such as Eyes, Ears, Tongue, Nose, and Skin.

The nervous system is quite vulnerable. It is not only affected by diseases such as tumours, Infections, or degeneration but they are also affected by trauma and other psychological factors. They only can be treated in the top neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore.

Below are certain signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders;

  1. Persistent Headache
  2. Headache in only certain parts of the head
  3. Loss of feeling
  4. Loss of muscle strength
  5. Loss of sight
  6. Double Vision
  7. Memory Loss
  8. Impaired mental ability
  9. Lack of coordination
  10. Muscle rigidity
  11. Seizures
  12. Back pain
  13. Slurred speech

Neurological disorders affect millions of people around the world each year. Seeking the right medical help in top neurosurgery hospitals in Bangalore and proper diagnosis is important. Let us look at some common neurological disorders:

  1. Headache

Headache is one of the most common neurological diseases. There are various types of headaches, such as migraines, cluster headaches, tension headaches, etc. When headaches occur repeatedly, it is a sign that you should see a doctor, as it could be a symptom of an underlying serious condition.

The most common conditions that can cause severe headaches include:

  • High blood pressure
  • Infections
  • Temporal arteritis
  • Tumors

Doctors typically discuss the symptoms to determine what is causing your headache. If they find that you are experiencing a migraine, they prescribe you medication to reduce your symptoms. 

If the condition is serious, such as temporal arteritis, doctors often prescribe steroids to reduce inflammation. The medications will help avoid complications such as vision loss.

  1. Stroke

A stroke occurs when you experience damage to the brain that is caused due to damaged arteries leading to and inside the brain. It is difficult to anticipate a stroke, but signs that you may be having a stroke include sudden:

  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding
  • Dizziness or loss of balance
  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg—especially on one side of the body
  • Severe headache

You can lower the risk of a stroke by exercising 30 minutes a day, five days a week, and by following a healthy diet that comprises fruits and vegetables. These lifestyle changes can help you control key stroke risk factors such as diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, etc to a great extent.

  1. Seizures

Seizures are changes in the brain’s electrical activity. Signs and symptoms of a seizure can vary depending on the severity of your seizure. The most common symptoms include:

  • Cognitive or emotional symptoms
  • Loss of consciousness or awareness
  • Temporary confusion
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs

After having a seizure, it’s important to consult your doctor. Early treatment and medication can control your seizures, and avoid long-term complications such as memory loss and brain damage.  A seizure often is the result of epilepsy, but can also happen due to:

  • Alcohol abuse 
  • Head trauma 
  • High fever
  • Lack of sleep
  • Low blood sodium
  • Medications, such as antidepressants or pain relievers
  1. Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a nervous system disorder that affects your body movements. Generally, it begins affecting people after the age of 60, and symptoms gradually worsen over time. Common symptoms include:

  • Constipation
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Reduced smell
  • Stiff face
  • Speech changes
  • Tremor

In many cases, you can reduce symptoms and manage Parkinson’s disease effectively through medication.

  1. Dementia

Dementia is a group of diseases that includes Alzheimer’s, which may cause brain failure. Dementia leads to a continuous loss of brain tissue, which can affect your behavior, emotions, memory, perceptions, and thinking.

If you are experiencing symptoms of dementia, it is important you consult your doctor. Some medications and therapies can help you manage symptoms. 

Whom should you consult?

Healthcare providers who treat nervous system disorders need to have a proper report of exactly is the condition of the brain. This involves performing tests. There is surgery and also Psychiatrists who treat neurological disorders.

  1. Neurology: It is a branch of medicine that treats nervous system disorders. The doctors are called neurologists. They should be consulted in the case of strokes and cerebral aneurysms.
  2. Neurological surgery: It is the branch of medicine that provides surgical interventions. The doctors are called neurosurgeons.
  3. Neuroradiologists: Radiologists that specialize in the diagnosis of neurological conditions using imaging are called Neuroradiologists. They are consulted in the treatments of cerebral aneurysms, acute strokes, vertebral fractures as well as biopsies of tumors. 
  4. Rehabilitation: They provide physical and medical rehabilitation to people who have nervous system disorders. They are called psychiatrists. 

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